Easy Ways to Incorporate Literacy at Home
Children prepare for learning to read long before school starts. In fact, literacy learning begins even in babies. It is important to provide the best environment possible for your child to develop the literacy skills necessary to become a successful reader.
There are many easy ways to incorporate literacy into your home environment and routine that will set your child up for success in literacy…
Listen to nursery rhymes or stories while driving in the car. Hearing language, rhymes, and stories (repeatedly if possible) regularly in multiple environments helps to build a strong foundation for reading.
Challenge your child to come up with rhyming words. Children love games with words. Give your child a word and ask him/her to come up with words that rhyme. Set a goal number of words and see if together you can accomplish your goal, or even go past it.
Read to your child daily. Read to your child, and ask them questions about the pictures in the book. Explore colors, feelings, numbers, and whatever else you can find in the pictures together.
Point to the words when you read aloud to your child. When you point to the words, you show your child that there is a correspondence between spoken and written words, and that print goes from left to right.
Have letters and words in your environment. Keeping letter magnets on the fridge, labeling bins of toys, labeling your child's belongings with their name, etc. all influence literacy development. The more your child is exposed to letters and words the easier it is for them to learn to recognize them. Alphabet magnets on the refrigerator can be a fun way to pass the time while making dinner!
Provide opportunities to draw. Drawing is a very important element in literacy development. Drawing helps children learn to hold a pencil, marker or crayon properly, and helps them practice making it write. They develop skills in making shapes and lines which will eventually help them make letters. Drawing also encourages creativity, imagination and stories, all important elements of literacy.
Talk with your child about things that interest him or her. Ask genuine questions, ones to which you do not already know the answer. Ask questions that help children think about why and how and not just what. When you talk, be sure to listen to your child’s response and build upon what he has to say.
Introduce new vocabulary words when you talk with your child. When you use a new word, make sure to explain its meaning to your child and encourage your child to ask when he/she doesn’t know the meaning of a word.
Adapted from http://lexy.hubpages.com/hub/5-ways-to-Promote-Literacy, http://www.pbs.org/parents/education/reading-language/reading-tips/how-to-create-a-literate-home-young-child-and-kindergartner/